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The Old Testament anticipates Christ; The New Testament reveals Him.
The Bible has 66 books; Writers were from very different times; and thier was a gap of hundreds of years between the Testaments— And yet it is entirely unified. Key to this is the focus on Christ, in every book.
In Genesis, Jesus is present at creation.
Some ways we see Christ in Genesis:
He was present at creation (Genesis 3). The story of the sacrifice of Isaac…. both were the only son, both submitted, both carried wood to the place of sacrifice… Genesis 22:6
Earlier, in Genesis, we have the story of Abraham and Melchizedek, king of Salem. Genesis 14:18,19; Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 6:19,20;
Toward the end of Genesis, we have the life of Joseph… others conspired to kill him, the brother who plotted against Joseph has a similar name to Judas; Like Joseph, Jesus was falsely accused; and God used the evil plots of men to bring about good.
Jesus is also typified by Moses: Survived an order to be killed as a child, the Passover typified the perfect sacrifice of Jesus, etc.
The song of Moses also is presented in Revelation (Exodus 15:1,2 Revelation 15:1-3)
The rock that was struck— just as Christ, our Rock. (I Cor. 10:1-4)
Moving on to Leviticus… Here we see the sinfulness of man and the sacrifices that point towards Christ’s.
In Numbers, there is the account of the bronze serpent Foreshadowing Christ on the cross.
Deuteronomy foreshadows the refuge of Christ in through the cities of refuge.
Jesus is typified in the life of Joshua; He leads the people to the promised land (Joshua 5)
In the book of Judges, the judges typify the Deliverer and Judge of the whole world.
In the story of Ruth, the story of the beginning of the Davidic line tells us of the coming “Kinsman-Redeemer”, Jesus Christ. He redeems ALL of God’s people.
Samuel gives us the story of the beginning of the Davidic line. David was a shepherd, Christ is our Great Shepherd, Leader, King, and deliverer.
In the reign of Solomon we see a picture of the reign of Christ in the Church.
In Ezra, there is a promise of the Lion of Judah never being destroyed; Nehemiah, the rebuilding of the temple, as Christ builds His Church; Esther, the deliverance of God’s people and the faithfulness of Mordecai that foreshadows Christ; Job, a life of suffering followed by great blessing.
The Psalms is full of references to Christ: He would be a Priest; He would be rejected and put to death, with minute details of the event; He would have a Kingdom and He would reign for ever; That He would also be raised from the dead.
Proverbs prophesies the coming of Christ;
In Ecclesiastes we see the life of Christ;
In Song of Solomon, the bridegroom of the Church;
Isaiah, that He is for the whole world;
Jeremiah and Lamentations, that He would be our righteousness (I Cor. 1:30);
Ezekiel, that He would be the Son of David;
Daniel that He would be the Son of Man, and that He would be killed;
Hosea, illustrates Christ through His covenant faithfulness;
Joel, prophesies that He would offer salvation to every man;
Amos, the death of Jesus (8:9);
Obadiah the theme of judgement against those who persecute God’s people;
Jonah, in the belly of the whale for three days;
Micah, prophesies that Jesus would be born in Bethlehem;
Nahum, Jesus as the Creator-Prophet, and would provide deliverance from judgement;
Habakkuk, intercessory prayer for the people mirrors Christ;
Zephaniah, Christ’s future judgement on the world;
Haggai, that He would visit the temple;
Zechariah, triumphal entry, our Priest and King; and Malachi, that He would appear in the Temple and the coming of John the Baptist.
Jesus is the consistent theme of the Bible— both in the Old and New Testament.